Thursday 3 May 2018

The RYAN name in Ancient texts - O'Hart's Pedigree No.1

In the first of a number of articles, here is one of the two Ryan pedigrees recorded by O'Hart in his book Irish pedigrees; or, The origin and stem of the Irish nation.

This pedigree (Ryan No. 1) specifically relates to the Ryan's of Carlow, the Lords of Idrone, as described by Woulfe, MacLysaght & O'Hart in their respective surname dictionaries (see previous post). They in turn were descended from the Kings of Leinster (specifically Clan Moroghoe), who in turn were descended from the Lords of Offaly, who in turn were descended from the Line of Heremon. These are abstracted from O'Hart's book in chronological order below (and thus the Ryan's will be the last).

Note that the numbers are not sequential because the information is sourced from a variety of different pedigrees in O'Hart's book.

The line of the Ryan's of Carlow is associated with a variety of other surnames and not all are included here as there were many branches that broke away from the main Ryan branch and later developed into different surnames. However, it may be important to review this in due course as such surnames should be genetically related to the Ryan's of Carlow.

Also of note, this branch of the Ryan's is descended from a man called Breassal Breac and thus there should be a genetic connection with those people in the Breassal Breac DNA Project at FTDNA.

And, most importantly, the Ryan's of Owney & Owneybeg (Tipperary  / Limerick), who moved there in the 13th / 14th Century (see previous post), are said to have sprung from the same stock as the Ryan's of Carlow. MacLysaght claims that their common ancestor is Cathaoir Mór, King of Leinster in the 2nd Century. If this is true, then we should see a (distant) genetic connection between the Ryan's of Carlow and the Ryan's of Owney & Owneybeg.

I have retained the NOTES relating to O'Hart's text so if you want to explore them further you should refer to O'Hart's book itself (the link to each section is in the title for each section).

Note that there is a mistake / inconsistency when we get down to the first entry for the Ryan pedigree ... was the original ancestor Cormac? or his nephew Fergus? Either way, it won't affect the Y-DNA ... it should be the same no matter which man was the ancestor.

At some point, it may be useful to calculate crude dates of birth for each of the people in the pedigree. This may help if and when we construct a "Mutation History Tree" for the Ryan's of Carlow and attempt to map this tree (built from genetic data) onto the pedigree below (with all its associated non-Ryan surnames).

Surnames that arose from this pedigree are highlighted in yellow.


HEREMON was the seventh son of Milesius of Spain (who is No. 36, p. 50), but the third of the three sons who left any issue. From him were descended the Kings, Nobility, and Gentry of the Kingdoms of Connaught,[1] Dalriada, Leinster, Meath, Orgiall, Ossory; of Scotland, since the fifth century; of Ulster, since the fourth century; and of England, from the reign of King Henry II., down to the present time.



THE Stem of the Irish Nation from Heremon down to (No. 81) Art Eanfhear, Monarch of Ireland in the second century, who was the ancestor of O'h-Airt, anglicised O'Hart.

"The House of Heremon,"[2] writes O'Callaghan, "from the number of its princes, or great families—from the multitude of its distinguished characters, as laymen or churchmen—and from the extensive territories acquired by those belonging to it, at home and abroad, or in Alba as well as in Ireland—was regarded as by far the most illustrious: so much so, according to the best native authority, that it would be as reasonable to affirm that one pound is equal in value to one hundred pounds, as it would be to compare any other line with that of Heremon."

36. Milesius of Spain.

37. Heremon: his son. He and his eldest brother Heber were, jointly, the first Milesian Monarchs of Ireland; they began to reign, A.M. 3,500, or, Before Christ, 1699. After Heber was slain, B.C. 1698, Heremon reigned singly for fourteen years; during which time a certain colony called by the Irish Cruithneaigh, in English "Cruthneans" or Picts, arrived in Ireland and requested Heremon to assign them a part of the country to settle in, which he refused; but, giving them as wives the widows of the Tuatha-de-Danans, slain in battle, he sent them with a strong party of his own forces to conquer the country then called "Alba," but now Scotland; conditionally, that they and their posterity should be tributary to the Monarchs of Ireland. Heremon died, B.C. 1683, and was succeeded by three of his four sons, named Muimne,[3] Luigne, and Laighean, who reigned jointly for three years, and were slain by their Heberian successors.

38. Irial Faidh ("faidh": Irish, a prophet): his son; was the 10th Monarch of Ireland; d. B.C. 1670. This was a very learned King; could foretell things to come; and caused much of the country to be cleared of the ancient forests. He likewise built seven royal palaces, viz., Rath Ciombaoith, Rath Coincheada, Rath Mothuig, Rath Buirioch, Rath Luachat, Rath Croicne, and Rath Boachoill. He won four remarkable battles over his enemies:—Ard Inmath, at Teabtha, where Stirne, the son of Dubh, son of Fomhar, was slain; the second battle was at Teanmhuighe, against the Fomhoraice, where Eichtghe, their leader, was slain; the third was the battle of Loch Muighe, where Lugrot, the son of Moghfeibhis, was slain; and the fourth was the battle of Cuill Martho, where the four sons of Heber were defeated. Irial died in the second year after this battle, having reigned 10 years, and was buried at Magh Muagh.

39. Eithrial: his son; was the 11th Monarch; reigned 20 years; and was slain by Conmaol, the son of Heber Fionn, at the battle of Soirrean, in Leinster, B.C. 1650.

This also was a learned King, he wrote with his own hand the History of the Gaels (or Gadelians); in his reign seven large woods were cleared and much advance made in the practice of agriculture.

40. Foll-Aich: his son; was kept out of the Monarchy by Conmaol, the slayer of his father, who usurped his place.

41. Tigernmas [4]: his son; was the 13th Monarch, and reigned 77 years; according to Keating, he reigned but 50 years; he fought twenty-seven battles with the followers of the family of Heber Fionn, all which he gained. In his reign gold was mined near the Liffey, and skilfully worked by Inchadhan. This King also made a law that each grade of society should be known by the number of colours in its wearing apparel:—the clothes of a slave should be of one colour; those of a soldier of two; the dress of a commanding officer to be of three colours; a gentleman's dress, who kept a table for the free entertainment of strangers, to be of four colours; five colours to be allowed to the nobility (the chiefs); and the King, Queen, and Royal Family, as well as the Druids, historians, and other learned men to wear six colours.

This King died, B.C. 1543, on the Eve of 1st of November, with two-thirds of the people of Ireland, at Magh Sleaght (or Field of Adoration), in the county of Leitrim, as he was adoring the Sun-God, Crom Cruach (a quo Macroom).

Historians say this Monarch was the first who introduced image worship in Ireland.

42. Enboath: his son. It was in this prince's lifetime that the Kingdom was divided in two parts by a line drawn from Drogheda to Limerick.

43. Smiomghall: his son; in his lifetime the Picts in Scotland were forced to abide by their oath, and pay homage to the Irish Monarch; seven large woods were also cut down.

44. Fiacha Labhrainn: his son; was the 18th Monarch; reigned 24 years; slew Eochaidh Faobharglas, of the line of Heber, at the battle of Carman. During his reign all the inhabitants of Scotland were brought in subjection to the Irish Monarchy, and the conquest was secured by his son the 20th Monarch. Fiacha at length (B.C. 1448) fell in the battle of Bealgadain, by the hands of Eochaidh Mumho, the son of Moefeibhis, of the race of Heber Fionn.

45. Aongus Olmucach: his son; was the 20th Monarch; in his reign the Picts again refused to pay the tribute imposed on them 250 years before, by Heremon, but this Monarch went with a strong army into Alba and in thirty pitched battles overcame them and forced them to pay the required tribute.

Aongus was at length slain by Eana, in the battle of Carman, B.C. 1409.

46. Main: his son; was kept out of the Monarchy by Eadna, of the line of Heber Fionn. In his time silver shields were given as rewards for bravery to the Irish militia.

47. Rotheachtach [5]: his son; was the 22nd Monarch; slain, B.C. 1357, by Sedne (or Seadhna), of the Line of Heremon.

48. Dein: his son; was kept out of the Monarchy by his father's slayer, and his son. In his time gentlemen and noblemen first wore gold chains round their necks, as a sign of their birth; and golden helmets were given to brave soldiers,

49. Siorna "Saoghalach" (longaevus): his son; was the 34th Monarch; he obtained the name "Saoghalach" on account of his extraordinary long life; slain, B.C. 1030, at Aillin, by Rotheachta, of the Line of Heber Fionn, who usurped the Monarchy, thereby excluding from the throne—

50. Olioll Aolcheoin: son of Siorna Saoghalach.

51. Gialchadh: his son; was the 37th Monarch; killed by Art Imleach, of the Line of Heber Fionn, at Moighe Muadh, B.C. 1013.

52. Nuadhas Fionnfail: his son; was the 39th Monarch; slain by Breasrioghacta, his successor, B.C. 961.

53. Aedan Glas: his son. In his time the coast was infested with pirates; and there occurred a dreadful plague (Apthach) which swept away most of the inhabitants.

54. Simeon Breac: his son; was the 44th Monarch; he inhumanly caused his predecessor to be torn asunder; but, after a reign of six years, he met with a like death, by order of Duach Fionn, son to the murdered King, B.C. 903.

55. Muredach Bolgach: his son; was the 46th Monarch; killed by Eadhna Dearg, B.C. 892; he had two sons— Duach Teamhrach, and Fiacha.

56. Fiacha Tolgrach: son of Muredach; was the 55th Monarch. His brother Duach had two sons, Eochaidh Framhuine and Conang Beag-eaglach, who were the 51st and 53rd Monarchs of Ireland.

Fiacha's life was ended by the sword of Oilioll Fionn, of the Line of Heber Fionn, B.C. 795.

57. Duach Ladhrach: his son; was the 59th Monarch; killed by Lughaidh Laighe, son of Oilioll Fionn, B.C. 737.

58. Eochaidh Buadhach: his son; was kept out of the Monarchy by his father's slayer. In his time the kingdom was twice visited with a plague.

59. Ugaine Mór [6]: his son. This Ugaine (or Hugony) the Great was the 66th Monarch of Ireland. Was called Mór on account of his extensive dominions,—being soveeign of all the Islands of Western Europe. Was married to Caesair, dau. to the King of France, and by her had issue—twenty-two sons and three daughters. In order to prevent these children encroaching on each other he divided the Kingdom into twenty-five portions, allotting to each his (or her) distinct inheritance. By means of this division the taxes of the country were collected during the succeeding 300 years. All the sons died without issue except two, viz:—Laeghaire Lorc, ancestor of all the Leinster Heremonians; and Cobthach Caolbhreagh, from whom the Heremonians of Leath Cuinn, viz., Meath, Ulster, and Conacht derive their pedigree.

Ugaine was at length, B.C. 593, slain by Badhbhchadh, who failed to secure the fruits of his murder—the Irish Throne, as he was executed by order of Laeghaire Lorc, the murdered Monarch's son, who became the 68th Monarch.

60. Colethach Caol-bhreagh: son of Ugaine Mór; was the 69th Monarch; it is said, that, to secure the Throne, he assassinated his brother Laeghaire; after a long reign he was at length slain by Maion, his nephew, B.C. 641.


[1] Connaught: In other parts of this Work "Connaught" is spelled Conacht; as we found it in the MS. or Work which we consulted.

[2] Heremon: According to the "Book of Ballymote," the river "Liffey" derived its name from the circumstance of a battle having been fought near it by the Milesians, against the Tua-de-Danans; and the horse of the Milesian Monarch Heremon, which was named Gabhar [gavar] Liffe" (gabhar: ancient Scotic and British word for the Lat. "eq-uus," a horse, which, in modern Irish, is "each" [ogh], a steed), having been killed there, the river was called "Liffe" or "Liffey." In Irish it was called "Amhan Liffe (Amhan: Irish, a river; Lat. amn-is), signifying the River Liffey, which was first anglicised Avon Liffey," and, in modern times, changed to Anna Liffey—the river on which the city of Dublin is built.

[3] Muimne: This Monarch was buried at Cruachan (cruachan: Irish, a little hill) or Croaghan, situated near Elphin, in the county of Roscommon. In the early ages, Croaghan became the capital of Connaught and a residence of the ancient Kings of Ireland; and at Croaghan the states of Connaught held conventions, to make laws and inaugurate their Kings. There, too, about a century before the Christian era, the Monarch Eochy Feidlioch (No. 72 in this stem) erected a royal residence and a great rath, called "Rath-Cruachan," after his queen, Cruachan Croidheirg (Croidheirg; Irish, a rising heart), mother of Maud, the celebrated queen of Connaught, who, wearing on her head "Aision" orgolden crown, and seated in her gilded war-chariot surrounded by several other war-chariots, commanded in person, like the ancient queens of the Amazons, her Connaught forces, in the memorable seven years' war against the Red Branch Knights of Ulster, who were commanded by King Connor MacNessa, as mentioned in our ancient records.—CONNELLAN".

[4] Tigernmas (or Tiernmas): This Tiernmas was the Monarch who set up the famous idol called "Crom Cruach" (literally, the crooked heap) on the plain of Magh Sleaght, now Fenagh, in the barony of Mohill, county of Leitrim. This idol was worshipped up to the time of St. Patrick, by whom it was destroyed. Among the idol-worship of the ancient Irish at that time was that of the sun: the sun-worship which was that of the Magi or wise men of the East, who, we are told in Scripture, were led to Bethlehem by divine inspiration to see the Infant Jesus.

This Monarch introduced certain distinctions in rank among the Irish, which were indicated by the wearing of certain colours, which, by some persons, is believed to have been the origin of the Scotch plaid. According to Keatinge, one colour was used in the dress of a slave; two colours in that of a plebeian; three, in that of a soldier or young lord; four, in that of a brughaidh or public victualler; five, in that of a lord of a tuath or cantred; and six colours in that of an ollamh or chief professor of any of the liberal arts, and in that of the king and queen—BOOK OF RIGHTS.

[5] Rotheachtach: Silver shields were made, and four- horse chariots were first used. in Ireland, in the reign of this Monarch.

[6] Ugaine Mór: In the early ages the Irish Kings made many military expeditions into foreign countries. Ugaine Mór, called by O'Flaherty, in his Ogygia, "Hugonius Magnus," was contemporary with Alexander the Great; and is stated to have sailed with a fleet into the Mediterranean, landed his forces in Africa, and also attacked Sicily; and having proceeded to Gaul, was married to Caesair, daughter of the King of the Gauls. Hugonius was buried at Cruachan. The Irish sent, during the Punic wars, auxiliary troops to their Celtic Brethren, the Gauls; who in their alliance with the Carthaginians under Hannibal, fought against the Roman armies in Spain and Italy—CONNELLAN.

Lords of Offaley

LAEGHAIRE LORC, an elder brother of Cobthach Caol-bhreagh who is No. 60 on the "Line of Heremon," was the ancestor of O'Connor Faley.

60. Laeghaire Lorc, the 68th Monarch of Ireland: son of Ugaine Mór; began to reign, B.C. 593.
61. Olioll Aine: his son.
62. Labhradh Longseach: his son.
63. Olioll Bracan: his son.
64. Æneas Ollamh: his son; the 73rd Monarch. 
65. Breassal: his son.
66. Fergus Fortamhail, the 80th Monarch: his son; slain B.C. 384.
67. Felim Fortuin: his son.
68. Crimthann Coscrach: his son; the 85th Monarch. 
69. Mogh-Art: his son.
70. Art: his son..
71. Allod (by some called Olioll): his son.
72. Nuadh Falaid: his son.
73. Fearach Foghlas: his son.
74. Olioll Glas: his son.
75. Fiacha Fobrug: his son.

76. Breassal Breac: his son. Had two sons—1. Lughaidh, 2. Conla, between whom he divided his country, viz.—to his eldest son Lughaidh [Luy], who was ancestor of the Kings, nobility, and gentry of Leinster, he gave all the territories on the north side of the river Bearbha (now the "Barrow"), from Wicklow to Drogheda; and to his son Conla, who was ancestor of the Kings, nobility, and gentry of Ossory, he gave the south part, from the said river to the sea.

77. Luy: son of Breassal Breac.
78. Sedna: his son; built the royal city of Rath Alinne. 
79. Nuadhas Neacht: his son; the 96th Monarch.

80. Fergus Fairgé: his son; had a brother named Baoisgne, who was the father of Cubhall [Coole], who was the father of Fionn, commonly called "Finn MacCoole," the illustrious general in the third century of the ancient Irish Militia known as the Fiana Eirionn, or "Fenians of Ireland."

81. Ros: son of Fergus Fairgé.
82. Fionn Filé (" filé:" Irish, a poet): his son.
83. Conchobhar Abhraoidhruaidh: his son; the 99th Monarch of Ireland.
84. Mogh Corb: his son.
85. Cu-Corb [1]: his son; King of Leinster.
86. Niadh [nia] Corb: his son.
87. Cormac Gealtach: his son. Had a brother named Ceathramhadh.[2]
88. Felim Fiorurglas: his son.
89. Cathair [cahir] Mór [3]: his son; the 109th Monarch of Ireland. Had a younger brother named Main Mal, who was the ancestor of O'Kelly, of Cualan (of Wicklow, etc.); and another, Eithne.


[1] Cu-Corb: This Cu-Corb had four sons—1. Niadh Corb. 2. Messincorb, a quo Dal Messincorb. 3. Cormac, a quo Dal Cormaic, and who was the ancestor of Quirk. 4. Cairbre Cluitheachar, who was the ancestor of Donegan (lords of Dal Aracht); of O'Dwyer (lords of Killnamanagh); of O'Urcha (which has been anglicised Archer); of O'Cooney, O'Kearnan, O'Conalty, O'Hartley; O'Arrachtan (modernized Harrington); O'Skellan (modernized Skilling); O' Congal, Clan Brian, O'Dubhcron, MacLongachan, O'Trena, O'Aodhan, O'Brangal, O'Corban, O'Dunedy, etc.

86. Messincorb: second son of Cucorb. 
87. Eochaidh Lamhdearg: his son.
88. Fothach: his son.
89. Garchu: his son; ancestor of O'Concuan, O'Tuatan, O'Cosney, O'Cearda, O'Conatta, O'Rappan, O'Hechinn, O'Broin (of Deilgne or Delgany), O'Ceallagh, O'Dubhan, O'Gobham (O'Gowan), O'Marcan (Marks), etc. This Garchu had two brothers—1. Naspre, who was ancestor of O'Fallan, O'Dinachar, O'Conag, O'Dubhcron, O'Donnan, O'Saran, O'Briony, Clan Ciaran, O'Teachtar, O'Convoy, O'Monay, etc.; and 2. Nar, who was ancestor of O'Birinn, O'Deman, etc.; all of these being Leinster families; but many of whom are now extinct.

[2] Ceathramhadh: According to some authorities Cormac Gealtach had a brother named Crimthan Culbuidh, who, in succession to his grand-nephew Cathair Mór, was by the Monarch Conn Ceadcathach made King of Leinster. This Cormac Gealtach is supposed to be the "Galgacus" of Tacitus, who led an army to Alba, to aid the Scots and Picts against the Romans, and was defeated by Agricola at the Grampion Hills.—See O'Halloran's History of Ireland, p. 217.

[3] Cahir Mór: This Monarch was King of Leinster in the beginning of the second century. He divided his great possessions amongst his thirty sons, in a Will called "The will of Cahir More," contained in the "Book of Leacan" and in the "Book of Ballymote." His posterity formed the principal families in Leinster: namely, the O'Connor "Faley," Princes of Offaley; O'Dempsey, O'Dunn, O'Regan, MacColgan, O'Harty, MacMurrough, Kings of Leinster; Cavenagh, O'Byrne, O'Toole, O'Murphy, O'Mulrian, or O'Ryan, O'Kinsellagh, O'Duffy, O'Dowling, O'Cormac, O'Muldoon, O'Gorman, O'Mullen, O'Mooney, and O'Brenan, chiefs in Kilkenny, etc.—CONNELLAN.

Anciently Chiefs of Hy-Muireadaigh, County Kildare; afterwards Kings of Leinster and Princes of Imaile

COMMENCING with Cathair Mór, King of Leinster, who was the 109th Monarch of Ireland, and who is No. 89 on the (No. 1) "O'Connor" (Faley) pedigree, the following is the genealogy of this family:

89. Cathair Mór, Monarch of Ireland: son of Felim Fiorurglas. Had amongst other children: 1. Ros Failgeach, from whom descended the O'Connor (Faley); 2. Daire, ancestor of O'Gorman; 3. Comthanan, ancestor of Duff, of Leinster; 4. Curigh, who was slain by Fionn MacCumhal (Finn MacCoole); 5. a daughter, Landabaria, who, according to the Ogygia, p. 315, was the third wife of the (110th) Irish Monarch Conn Ceadcathach (or Conn of the Hundred Battles), who succeeded Cathair Mór in the Monarchy; 6. Fiacha Baicheda.

Curigh, No. 4 here mentioned, who was slain by Fionn MacCumhal, had a son named Slectaire; and a daughter named Uchdelbh (or Uchdamhuil), who was wife of Fionn Fothart, a son of Conn of the Hundred Battles. This Slectaire, son of Curigh, had a daughter Corcraine, who was the mother of Diarmid Ua Duibhne,[3] and of Oscar, son of Oissin.

90. Fiacha Baicheda: youngest son of Cathair Mór; d. 220.

91. Breasal Bealach ("bealach:" Irish, large-lipped): his son; a quo O'Bealaigh, anglicised Bailey, Bailie, Baily, Bayly, and Bewley. Was the second Christian King of Leinster.

92. Enna Niadh: his son. Had a brother Labhradh.


[1] O'Toole or Ui Tuathail: The O'Tooles were Kings of Leinster and Princes of Imaile (now the counties of Wicklow and Kildare), Chieftains of Hy-Murray, Castle Kevin, Glendalough, and Powerscourt; and Omey in West Connaught. We are indebted to the Rev. Patrick Laurence O'Toole, O.C.C., Whitefriar-street Church, Dublin, for permission to inspect an elaborate genealogy of this family in that gentleman's possession; from which we here trace the genealogy more fully than we gave it in our Third Edition of "IRISH PEDIGREES."

[2] Armorial Bearings: According to other authorities the Armorial Bearings of the O'Tooles are:
Arms—A white lion on red grounds (signifying a course without relaxation);
Crest—Two palms, a Cross surmounted by a laurel branch over a princely crown;
Supporters—The shield accompanied by two battle axes and two Irish pikes; under the shield, two branches of shamrock—the national symbol of Ireland;
Motto—"Virtute et Fidelitate." One Branch of the Family has "Spero;" another: ''Semper et Ubique Fideles."
The War Cry was: "Fianae Abu," and sometimes "Ui Tuathail Abu:" the former meaning "Victory to the Fenians;" and the latter, "Victory to the O'Tooles."

[3] Diarmid Ua-Duibhne: See Note "Fiacha Suidhe," in p. 359, ante.

Kings of Leinster; and Chiefs of "Clan Moroghoe"

LABHRADH, a brother of Eanna Niadh who is No. 92 on the "O'Toole" pedigree, was the ancestor of MacMuircha; anglicised MacMorough,[1] MacMorrow, and Morrow.

92. Labhradh: son of Breasal Bealach, the second Christian King of Leinster; had two sons:
  • I. Eanna Ceannsalach.
  • II. Deagh, a quo Ui Deagha Mór; in Hy-Cinnselach.

93. Eanna Ceannsalach: elder son of Labhradh; mar. Conang; was called Ceann-Salach (unclean head) by Cednathech the Druid, whom he slew at Cruachan Cleanta (Croghan Hill, in the King's County), where Eanna defeated Eochaidh Muigh Meadhoin (Eochy Moyvone), the Monarch, A.D. 365. Had issue:
  • I. Feidhlimidh (or Felim).
  • II. Eochu (or Eochaidh) Ceannsalach, who was exiled to Scotland by the Irish Monarch Niall of the Nine Hostages, whom said Eochu assassinated near Boulogne, on the river Leor (now the Lianne).
  • III. Crimthann Cass, of whom presently. 
  • IV. Earc.
  • V. Aongus.
  • VI. Conal.
  • VII. Trian.
  • VIII. Cairpre.

94. Crimthann Cass: third son of Eanna Ceannsalach; was King of Leinster for 40 years; baptized by St. Patrick at Rathvilly, circa 448; slain in 484 by his grandson Eochaidh Guinech of the Hy-Bairche. Married Mell, dau. of Erebran of the Desies in Munster (son of Eoghan Bric, son of Art Cuirb, son of Fiacha Suighde, son of Felim Rachtmar), and had issue:
  • I. Ingen, wife of Daire MacErcadh of the Hy-Bairche.
  • II. Nathach (or Dathi).
  • III. Fiacra.
  • IV. Eithne Uathach, wife of Aongus MacNadfraech, King of Munster.
  • V. Fergus, who defeated Diarmuid MacCearbhaill at Drum Laeghaire, by the side of Cais in Hy-Faelain, defending the Boromha.[2]
  • VI. Aongus. 
  • VII. Etchen. 
  • VIII. Cobthach.
95. Nathach: son of Crimthan Cass; was King of Leinster for 10 years; bapt. in his infancy by St. Patrick. Had issue:
  • I. Owen Caoch, of whom presently.
  • II. Cormac.
  • III. Faelan, who had a son named Fergus. 
  • IV. Olioll.
96. Eoghan (or Owen) Caoch: eldest son of Nathach; had two sons:
  • I. Siollan, of whom presently.
  • II. Fergus, ancestor of O'Ryan.


[1] MacMorough: The ancient kings of Leinster had fortresses or royal residences at Dinnrigh, near the river Barrow, between Carlow and Leighlin; at Naas, in Kildare; and in after-times at the city of Ferns in Wexford, which was their capital; and also at Old Ross in Wexford; and at Ballymoon in Carlow. The MacMoroughs were inaugurated as kings of Leinster at a place called Cnoc-an-Bhogha, attended by O'Nolan, who was the King's Marshal, and Chief of Forth in Carlow; by O'Doran, Chief Brehon of Leinster; and by MacKeogh, his Chief Bard; and the MacMoroughs maintained their independence, and held the title of "Kings of Leinster," with large possessions in Wexford and Carlow down to the reign of Queen Elizabeth. The Hy-Cavanagh or O'Cavanaghs were chiefs of the ancient territory which now comprises the barony of Idrone East, in the county Carlow; and in modern times became the representatives of the MacMoroughs, Kings of Leinster.

[2] Boromha: For the explanation of this tribute, see the Paper "Ancient Leinster Tributes," in the Appendix.

Lords of Idrone, County Carlow

CORMAC, brother of Eoghan (or Owen) who is No. 97 on the "MacMorough" pedigree, was the ancestor of O'Righin; anglicised Mulrian, O'Ryan, Ryan, and Ryne.
97, Cormac: son of Nathi.
98 Colman (also called Colum): his son; a quo Siol Coluim, now Colum.
99. Ronan: his son.
100. St. Crohnmaol (22nd June): his son.
101. Aodh (or Hugh) Roin: his son.
102. Colman (2): his son.
103. Laignen: his son.
104. Cairbre: his son.
105. Hugh: his son.
106. Bruadar ("bruadar:" Irish, a reverie): his son; a quo O'Brua-dair, anglicised Broder, Broderick, and Bradner.
107. Dubhghall: his son.
108. Righin ("righin:" Irish, sluggish, dilatory): his son; a quo O'Bighin.
109. Cairbre (2): his son.1
110. Teige: his son.
111. Donoch: his son.
112. Melachlin: his son.
113. Lucas: his son.
114. Daithi (or David): his son.
115. Neimheach: his son.
116. JeofFrey: his son.
117. Henry: his son.
118. Henry Mulrian: his son.

Ryan: According to O'Donovan's "Antiquities," deposited in the Royal Irish Academy, Dublin, the O'Ryans of Idrone, county Wexford*, are a distinct family from the O'Ryans of the counties of Tipperary and Waterford. Others, however, say that all these families are of the same stock.

Richard Ryan was born in 1796; his father was a London bookseller. He wrote a Dictionary of the Worthies of Ireland (Two Vols., 1821); Ballads on the Fictions of the Ancient Irish (1822); and Poetry and Poets (Three Vols., 1826). He died in 1849.

*O'Hart means Carlow, not Wexford. This is a mistake in the original text.

All the above is abstracted from O'Hart's book: Irish pedigrees; or, The origin and stem of the Irish nation.

Maurice Gleeson
May 2018

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